- During an appendectomy in 1996, surgeons discovered that
Vietnam veteran Joseph Isaacson had a form of cancer associated with
exposure to the defoliant Agent Orange.
But when he tried to claim payment from a
settlement fund set up by Agent Orange manufacturers, he was told he was
too late and, besides, the $180 million kitty had been exhausted.
On Wednesday, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear
arguments on whether Isaacson, a vice principal at a middle school in
Irvington, N.J., and Daniel Stephenson, a retired helicopter pilot
living in Florida, can sue the chemical companies that made Agent
"We want to see if we can reopen the case for all
Agent Orange veterans who came down ill," Isaacson said. "This is what
this case is about."
The chemical companies argue that a class-action
settlement has ended their liability, and a corporate advocacy group
says the case could threaten the finality of all class-action judgments.
A federal judge agreed, ruling that the men's
damage claims were been pre-empted by a 1984 class-action settlement
agreed to by Dow Chemical Co., Monsanto and other companies that
supplied Agent Orange to the military. The chemical was used in Vietnam
to strip away the dense jungle foliage that provided cover for enemy
The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeal reversed that
ruling, setting up the Supreme Court hearing.
In 1984, neither Isaacson nor Stephenson was ill
and could not claim to have been injured by Agent Orange.
"We weren't aware of the suit," Isaacson said. "We
hadn't come down ill and we would have had no interest in the suit."
An attorney representing Stephenson, Stephen
Murray Jr., said the Supreme Court has held in previous cases that
class-action settlements - designed to handle huge numbers of similar
damage claims - do not preclude people from claiming damages for
injuries that surface later.
"An individual who has yet to manifest any injury
does not know if he has a valid claim," said Murray.
Isaacson, 54, volunteered for the Air Force and
served as a crew chief for an F-100 fighter jet in 1968 and 1969.
Isaacson's base was a depot for Agent Orange and the flight line where
he worked also was used by aircraft that sprayed the chemical, according
to court records.
The appendectomy in 1996 revealed he had non-Hodgkins
lymphoma, a form of cancer that has been connected with Agent Orange
exposure. Following chemotherapy, his cancer is now in remission.
"During the operation, they found an abscess and
sent it out for a biopsy," Isaacson said. "All in all, it was a blessing
in disguise. They caught it at an early stage."
Stephenson served in Vietnam from 1965 to 1970 on
the ground and as an Army helicopter pilot. In 1998, he was diagnosed
with multiple myeloma, a bone marrow cancer, and underwent a bone marrow
Stephenson, like Isaacson, enjoyed good health
before his cancer diagnosis and had a career as a civilian helicopter
pilot in Louisiana, said attorney Gerson Smoger.
"The legal issue from our side is whether a
class-action far away can dismiss somebody's entire rights," Smoger
The companies set aside $180 million to compensate
anyone injured by the end of 1994 and to pay for programs to benefit all
veterans. Their attorneys argue that veterans who got sick after 1994
benefited from the programs that the settlement funded.
The Product Liability Advisory Council, a
corporate advocacy group, has argued in court briefs that the 2nd
Circuit's ruling "could, in principle, threaten to upset the finality of
every class-action settlement or judgment ever rendered."
The American Insurance Association, a trade group
representing insurance companies that often cover much of the cost of
class-action settlements, has asked the Supreme Court to bar Isaacson
and Stephenson from suing.
"A class-action settlement has to reach finality
in order for legitimate claims to be paid," said Lynda Mounts, AIA
senior counsel. "Defendants and insurers will have very little incentive
to settle class-action lawsuits and avoid expensive trials if a
settlement is never truly final."
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